Peer Review Process


Tier 1: Editor-in-Chief Assessment

All manuscripts submitted to the journal will undergo a preliminary evaluation by the Editor-in-Chief to determine the suitability of the submission based on the aims, scope, and adherence to the journal format.


Tier 2: Independent Peer Review

Upon passing the preliminary evaluation, the manuscript will then go to the Managing Editor to manage the peer-review process. The manuscript will undergo a double-blind peer review by at least two independent experts in the particular field, wherein the identity of the author(s) is unknown to the reviewers and vice versa. The reviewers will evaluate the manuscript based on the relevance of the topic, timeliness, and technical quality.

In the case where the two reviewers have contradicting evaluations, a third reviewer will be consulted, after which the final decision is made by the editor-in-chief.

The reviewers are prohibited to show the manuscript under review to another person nor use the information contained therein. To ensure unbiased review, manuscripts submitted by BFAR and NFRDI researchers and other members of the editorial board shall be reviewed by experts from outside their respective institutions.



For the reviewers, you may use the following guide questions.

  • Was sufficient background on the topic provided by the authors?

  • What is the objective or hypothesis of the paper?

  • Are the methods sufficient to address the objectives?

  • Results
    • Are the results presented from the methods described?
    • Are comparisons supported by statistics?
    • Are the figures and tables self-explanatory?
    • Did the results support the initial hypothesis or not?
    • Are the quality of the figures and tables adequate?

  • Discussion
    • Were the results properly interpreted?
    • Were the results compared to other studies?
    • Any issues not resolved by the results?
    • Were the limitations of the study adequately explained?
    • What are the implications of the study?